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Some of the agreements signed between nations are discussed below. Nevertheless, the Dual Alliance was seen not only as another international treaty, but as the foundation and symbol of a special relationship between the German Empire and the dual monarchy. The very basis of Austro-Hungarian dualism, the dominant influence of the Germans in Austria and the Magyars in Hungary, was considered in Berlin as non-negotiable to contain Slavic aspirations in Europe. German diplomats and politicians would not hesitate to tell their counterparts, but to an equal extent, the underlying Germanic and anti-Slav rhetoric also limited Germany`s freedom of action. The term “nibelungentreue”, applied by Chancellor Bernhard von Bolow (1849-1929) in 1909 to the German-Austrian relationship, gave a name to the cultural foundations of the Duale Alliance, for which German politicians were responsible. When Italy emerged from the fight in 1914, the Duale Alliance became the nucleus of what would be called the war coalition of the central powers. [6] One of the most famous secret treaties in history was the secret additional protocol to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 23 August 1939 between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, negotiated by Soviet Foreign Minister VyacheSlav Molotov and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. [24] The pact itself, a 10-year non-aggression agreement was public, but the additional secret protocol (replaced by a similar secret protocol, the German-Soviet border treaty next month) decoupled spheres of influence in Eastern Europe between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, placing Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Besarabian (Romanian part) and Eastern Poland in the Soviet sphere , as well as Western Poland and Lithuania. [24] The existence of the secret protocol was not revealed until 1989; When it became public, it sparked outrage in the Baltic States. [24] [25] [26] By 1912, the Triple Alliance and the Triple Agreement had become the established characteristics of international relations.

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